If you’re a devotee of WMOT, then it’s likely you’ve spent a good bit of your radio life tuning in around the left side of the FM dial. That’s because back in the mid 20th century, the Federal Communications Commission designated the lower frequencies between 88.1 and 91.9 as home to non-commercial and so-called “educational” stations. Public radio’s ways and means have evolved a lot since then, but its point is largely unchanged: to broadcast news, thoughtful talk and genres of music that commercial station won’t.
WMOT has been doing that for exactly fifty years as of Tuesday. The station will celebrate its birthday with a three-hour live broadcast from the campus of Middle Tennessee State University, which launched WMOT as a student-oriented station on April 9, 1969. The special will run from 4 pm to 7 pm and feature live sets by indie-folk artist A.J. Croce, Memphis roots rocker Liz Brasher and soul country songwriter Adam Wakefield. Besides the audio on the radio station, video will stream at VuHaus.
As part of the show, we’ll broadcast my long-form audio history of the station. Listen to that here or read a version of the review below.
While 89.5 FM has been playing Americana music as Roots Radio for two and a half years, the call letters WMOT, for many longtime residents of middle Tennessee, will instinctively trigger an association with jazz. For almost 30 years, between 1982 and 2011, WMOT was a national rarity - a full-time public radio station devoted to jazz. Not pop jazz, not smooth jazz, but all eras and varieties of the classic American art form
In a Music City defined by country and bluegrass to the outside world, the station known for years as “Jazz 89” served a vital role in keeping Nashville’s jazz scene vibrant and in touch with itself, says Jazz pianist Lori Mechem, the co-founder and co-director, with her bass-playing husband Roger Spencer, of the Nashville Jazz Workshop. “They were playing us, and that was what I really appreciated,” she said. “They played local jazz artists. I remember listening to WMOT one day and I had just released one of my first albums, and to hear that on the radio was really kind of thrilling. So, it was important.”
But there wouldn’t have been a 100,000 watt jazz station without the 780 watt mixed-format so-called educational radio station that went on the air in 1969. WMOT served the campus and the local community with what its publicity referred to as “quality rock” or “sophisticated rock.” The goal, according to news clippings, was to offer an alternative - a younger, cooler alternative, to the classical music format of WPLN in Nashville.
But there was quite a lot of talk as well in the first years, as the student programmers and producers sought to offer the campus something relevant. Which would explain public affairs features such as “The VD Epidemic,” “Great Balls of Fire” (about UFOs) and “Mary Jane In Perspective,” with questions and answers about collegiate America’s favorite illicit plant. As a promotional poster from late 1969 said about the station, “YOU CAN be entertained and learn something too.”
That could be an unofficial motto of National Public Radio, which was established by the Corporation For Public Broadcasting in 1970. WMOT, one of the earliest members of the network, began decades of airing NPR shows like Morning Edition and All Things Considered that July. But day in day out, it was a station programmed and produced by students.
“We had a lot of freedom to be creative,” said Randy O’Brien, who started his four decades of involvement with the station as an undergraduate in the 1970s when it was housed in the Dramatic Arts Building. “We pushed the limit in a lot of different ways. I wrote a radio play and produced it myself for the air, mixing in music. Where else could I have done something like that?”
Besides NPR status, the other major landmark from the first two years of WMOT’s life was getting a license to broadcast at 50,000 watts over a new 300-foot tower. By the end of 1971, thousands more listeners across 85 square miles could hear the pulse of the MTSU campus. Including future program director Greg Lee.
“I knew about it before I was (an MTSU) student because I listened at night. WMOT was pretty hip at night. They played soul and R&B,” Lee said. Hearing that mix of music as he came of age in Tullahoma was the direct inspiration for Lee’s Friday evening show today on Roots Radio called Bel-Aire Drive. As an MTSU English major he had no aspirations to work in radio but got persuaded to sign up for a show late in his senior year. He kept a late night show up for years while working professionally in commercial radio. And when the program director job came open in 1989, it went to him.
By that point, WMOT had been devoted to jazz programming for nearly ten years, and Lee continued the station’s ever-deeper integration into the area jazz scene. The station’s remote van was out in the field constantly, broadcasting or recording performances at venues like Cheekwood or the Murfreesboro Main Street Jazz Festival. Lee brought on exceptional area pianist Beegie Adair to host the show Improvised Thoughts, a showcase where she talked and played with local and national talent.
Lee also found that you could scratch the surface of the country side of Music City and find a surprising number of jazz musicians. “You could look at, say, Crystal Gayle, and the guys in her backing band were some of the finest and hippest jazz players you ever saw,” he said. “Same with Don Williams and many others. Those guys were out making a living in Nashville by day and at night found places to play music that they wanted to play.”
The last obstacle to being that full service station in Nashville proper fell in 1996, when years of effort by chief engineer Gary Brown let the station bump from 50,000 to 100,000 watts. “Once that was granted we were able to move our transmitter site from the campus here over to Gladeville, which was halfway between Lebanon and Nashville, and that expanded our audience from just Rutherford County to quite a few counties and especially Nashville,” Brown said.
Soon after the boost, WMOT was nominated for the second time as the national jazz station of the year by industry paper the Gavin Report. It helped launch the Cookeville Jazz Festival. And it was smooth sailing until the late 2000s when the financial crisis and statewide budget cuts threatened WMOT’s very existence. Local public pressure kept that threat at bay, Brown said. “What got everyone's attention was how dedicated the jazz fans were to come to the rescue of the station and said whatever the format you need to keep a station at the university - at MTSU.”
The format became an issue though by 2015, when several years of mixing NPR news, classical by day and jazz at night wasn’t really working with anybody. That’s when College of Media and Entertainment Dean Ken Paulson took his knowledge and appreciation of Nashville’s Americana community and applied it to a total re-think. The new format - dubbed Roots Radio - went live on Sept. 2, 2016.